Deep Time, organized by Kylie White, Moskowitz Bayse, July 14 – August 18, 2018

Rachael Browning, Jack Hoyer, Niki Logis, Aaron Morse, Ken Price, Christopher Richmond, Ian Lawrence Campbell Swordy, Kylie White.

Penrose 2 (2018) on display in Deep Time at Moskowitz Bayse.

The Penrose Series attempts to organize the various narrative strands of Christopher Richmond’s film, video, and photographic work. The drawings are rendered in ink on paper and taped vinyl. Black holes with gastrointestinaltracts swallow suns, wormholes transport highways across space and time, and universes crash into one another like drunken eclipses. The title, ‘Penrose,’ refers to the Penrose Diagram developed by Sir Roger Penrose. A British mathematician, physicist, and philosopher of science, Penrose calculated many of the features of black holes. Richmond’s Penrosedrawings are two-dimensional maps of spacetime between two distinct points. The vertical axis represents space and the horizontal represents time. The Penrose Series suggests that drawing a map is not so different from telling a story. Map-making is a form of visual communication, enabling individuals to visually think with data. However, like Richmond’s video work, the Penrose drawings obscure as much as they reveal. They challenge viewers to envision alternative realities and to devise their own images and theories of the unknown. In the words of Sir Penrose: “And these little things may not seem like much but after a while they take you off on a direction where you may be a long way off from what other people have been thinking.” Richmond invites viewers to enter his unique universes, which impose no limits on their imagination.